Documentation Images:
Petr Mogila; Tipografiia Pecherskoi Lavry – Kiev

Trebnik – 1646 (contains many character variants not included in standard printed Poluustav)

Observations: Although these two sample reproductions are quite low in resolution, one can observe a number of features that are a departure from standard Muscovite Poluustav typography. Capital letters are now smaller and "in-line", as opposed to the traditional larger "below-line" form. "Paerok" is generally used instead of the "erok" (although the "erok" can be seen in the second image, next to the last line). Greco-Latin ornamental titles (with serifs) and drop-caps are used extensively. Text in "all-caps" is used for emphasis. The "narrow on" is still used, even with diacritical marks (see the first image, first line of black text). The medium-sizes "S", common to later editions from the Kiev Caves Lavra, is used (see black text of first image, lines 3 and 5). An alternate narrow form of the letter T is used (see black text of first image, line 6). While the usual "3-like" form of the letter zemlia is used occasionally, the "tailed-Z" form is used much more extensively. The initial "u" is still flexible in its form (see the last 3 lines of the second image). Hyphens have been introduced to split words at the ends of lines. Reading through the text, one can observe several words of Latin origin, a few Ukrainian words, and accents on syllables different from Muscovite usage. The use of titla (both letter-titla and general titla) have been reduced and generally standardized. Word spacing, punctuation spacing, and use of the half-space for proclitics all seem to be in a transitional phase toward western typographical standards, but are not there yet. Pages of text are surrounded by line borders, with double lines in the outer margins to accomodate marginalia. The first word of the next page is printed at the bottom right side of each page.

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